Friday, 3 July 2015

Moffat Accredits the Memes: Part III - I Am Legend

"…it means… I don’t know. It means, basically, that some movies are clearly being made by Invisibles and they contain messages for other Invisibles. Invisibles talking to each other in ther own secret language… the movies are signals, they let us know that others are out there…”

Getting a bit Meta - Patrick Troughton as Robin Hood

"Friends cut down about my ears or stolen.
My armies roust about and clutter up the streets of Jaffa with their garbage and their vices.

And now I learn that John, my brother, finds a thirst for power,
drinking great draughts of it, 'though it is not his to take.

He is planning to usurp my throne and trades with my enemy, Philip of France.

A tragedy of fortunes and I'm too much beset by them.

A curse on this, a thousand curses!"

Richard Cœur de Lyon, Malac Ric
1190
Acre, Palestine


The decisive intellectual and political engagement of Western Civilisation in the culture wars playing out throughout the Europe and West Asia of 1190 represented nothing  more or less than a Clash of Civilisations :

On the one hand, there was the multinational, proto-Malthusian, globalist military-theocratic Zionist fusion of State force, ecumenical authority and banking oligarchy, which found it's ultimate expression as the Order of the Knights Templar.

On the other,

The Time Travelling Zionist Crusader Robots are Back.

And they have acquired the habit of Christening people (specifically, peasants) to death




Are they affiliated with the Annunaki..?

The Annunaki came to Earth to mine Gold.



Perhaps they are at war...?


Nibiru, the Annunaki Homeland, also known as...

Mondas.


Sherwood Accredits the Memes.

Myths are vital to the establishment of Empire.

"[Leo]Strauss believed it was for politicians to assert powerful and inspiring myths that everyone could believe in. 

They might not be true - but they were necessary illusions. 



One of these was religion; the other was the myth of the nation."

[One] al-Zaqawi - An Important Myth of the American Empire.

He doesn't kill Americans, he kills Iraqis, he doesn't kill Invaders (Crusaders), and he liked to kill Shi'ites.

Not a bad program for a man living in a Shi'ite majority country with a Shi'ite Elected Government, friendly to Iran that needed to be destabilised....

Uncle Sam - 

Conceived by the Anglophile, Confederate Administration of Woodrow Wilson, he wears the Red, White and Blue 

- The Colours of the Grid of Oppression.

Currently experiencing an existential threat...



The Welsh, naturally, are unrepresented in the Grid of Oppression.


They are an adjunct to the British Project - the English Nobility considers them a vanquished and a quaint people, a conquered slave race.


Saint George, of course, was not English. He was probably Assyrian, or possibly Armenian and soldiered and died in what today would most likely be part of modern Turkey or Kurdistan.

Hence Georgia.


Note the crosses.









Wednesday, 1 July 2015

Gander, Pan-Am 103 and all the Guns & Heroin


 

 

"Gander Air Crash Inquiry May Shock"

by John Picton (from the "The Toronto Star", 1/28/90)

Shocking testimony will likely be heard at a planned inquiry into the Gander air crash to open in Washington next month.

 

It will concern a set of mysterious coffin-size boxes said to have been put secretly on the plane. And it

will be the result of detective work done by two private investigators who have looked into the crash -although their findings will describe two different scenarios.

The plane, an Arrow Air DC-8, was carrying 248 U.S. service personnel and a crew of eight when it crashed shortly after takeoff from Gander, Nfld., on Dec. 12, 1985.

On a vote of 5-4, the Canadian Aviation Safety Board ruled the probable cause of the accident was icing on the wings.

In a dissenting report, the four minority members of the board said they believe that "an in-flight fire that may have resulted from detonations of undetermined origin" was the cause.

Retired Supreme Court Judge Willard Estey reviewed the findings and decided there was no evidence of an explosion and that icing was the probable cause -though there was no evidence of that, either.

He said the safety board inquiry did hear evidence on the boxes and that they contained the soldiers' weapons and coffee machines.

More than 100 U.S. Congress members signed a letter three months ago asking president George Bush to open an additional inquiry into the incident, but he has not replied. Now, two congressional committees -the House Subcommittee on Crime and the Legislation and National Security Subcommittee- are planning to do so.

"There are entirely too many unanswered questions," said Congressman Robin Tallon of South Carolina, who's spearheading the move for a U.S. investigation.

"This is such a great mystery and I don't think we've heard anything that clears it up.

"I expect our inquiry to start in February. I have a feeling that our governmental agencies know much more about the crash than they are telling us.

"We are just going to continue to push. What we really need is subpoena power, which our committees have."

In an exclusive interview, one investigator has told The Sunday Star the boxes on board the Arrow Air flight contained the bodies of U.S. hostages and soldiers who died in a still-secret hostage-rescue mission in Lebanon.

The other said they contained light anti-tank weapons, illegally loaded on to the plane and illicitly destined for the U.S.-supported contra rebels fighting in Nicaragua.

Both, however, agree on two points: The plane was carrying members of a clandestine Delta Force team that had been bloodied in a failed attempt to free U.S. hostages.

There are similarities between the Gander crash and the downing of Pan Am Flight 103 over Scotland in December, 1988.

"I have the testimony of Americans who put those boxes together," Juval Aviv, one of the investigators, said in an interview in New York.

"I have talked to people who put bodies in the boxes." Aviv, a former Israeli intelligence agent who now runs a security firm with offices on New York's fashionable Madison Ave., said the bodies could not be identified.

"They were in body bags."

Aviv is the man who was hired by Pan Am's insurance underwriters to investigate the circumstances surrounding the bombing of Flight 103.

His bombshell, 27-page report implied the plane was brought down by a secret cell within the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency to silence another group of CIA agents on board.

Aviv still is working on the case and is questioning people in Europe (Flight 103 originated in Frankfurt, West Germany).

According to a colleague, he's being shadowed by undercover intelligence agents wherever he goes.

Investigators with the House crime subcommittee have requested an interview with Aviv.

George Wheaton of Anaheim, Calif., the other investigator, has been looking into the crash since last May, free of charge, on behalf of the families of the Gander victims. He, too, talks of the attempted hostage-rescue mission - carried out, he said, on Building Number 18 at the Sheik Abdullah barracks in Baalbek, Lebanon, shortly before the Gander incident.

"I have confirmed that there was an anti-terrorist rescue team on board," he said. "I have identified 20 of them, including 6 helicopter pilots."

Wheaton names two hostages he believes were killed in the raid, saying he has found no evidence they are still alive. His investigation has shown there was a model of the Barracks Number 18 kept at the headquarters of the National Security Agency in Washington, he said.

On Nov. 6, 1985, it was studied by a group headed by Lt.-Col. Oliver North, later found to have been the spearhead of the Iran-contra arms scandal.

The rescue mission, Wheaton said, was authorized by then-president Ronald Reagan, while its embarrassing failure was hushed up.

Wheaton, 54, bases his findings on interviews with contacts he built up as an investigator with the U.S. Army's criminal investigation department. He also was a special investigator with the U.S. Air Force and, including time with the U.S. Marines, spent 20 years in the armed forces.

Fluent in Farsi, the dominant language of Iran, this one-time Tulsa, Okla., policeman said he spent 15 years "off and on" in the Middle East for the U.S. military.

He was a consultant on drug trafficking to the late shah of Iran, was the man who organized the capture of former drug guru Dr. Timothy Leary, who was arrested in Afghanistan after escaping from a California jail, and was the adviser on the world's biggest drug bust at the time -the seizure of 12,722 kilos (28,047 pounds) of narcotics.

He said he still advises some Middle East Governments on counter-terrorism and drug smuggling.

The Arrow Air charter flight that crashed at Gander had been a happy one. It was carrying members of the U.S. 101st Airborne home for Christmas. During the fueling stop, the soldiers clattered off the plane in their 7-pound jumping boots, each pair of footwear containing a hidden knife, steel heels and toes crunching in the ice. They were laughing and singing carols, phoning home and buying last-minute gifts. One eyewitness said some bought sweatshirts that read: "I survived Gander."

There had been some curious elements at the start of the flight, about which the soldiers, four of them women, wouldn't have known.

The flight should have originated in the Sinai desert, where the troops had been part of a multi-national peacekeeping force. But it landed in Cairo and awaited the passengers there. Aviv said it was on the ground for four to five hours, awaiting the return of the Delta Force rescue team from Lebanon. During that time, despite a warning of terrorist attacks on U.S. installations world-wide at the time, only one soldier was detailed to guard the aircraft.

"Sometimes he was paying attention, other times he wasn't," Aviv said.

Certainly, his attention would have been diverted when, Aviv said, a fight broke out under the tail between Egyptian baggage handlers.

It's known that some of the soldiers they were returning to their home base at Fort Campbell, Ky., had reservations about the flight because of the terrorist threat. Wheaton said their commander wanted his men to travel with loaded sidearms as a precaution against attack, but the pilot demanded that all ammunition be stored on the flight deck. He also said the flight was kept away from Sinai after an unidentified U.S. "field-grade" officer, with the rank of major or above, said there was construction work being done at the airstrip there and that it was unsafe to land.

However: "I have not found anyone who saw construction work, and they could have created it to keep the plane away," Wheaton said.

Why?

Wheaton speculates it was because there was a U.S. customs presence in Sinai checking every flight destined for the United States.

There was no such team in Cairo, and when customs agents traveled there to check the Arrow Air flight, "the multi-national force refused them ramp passes" to check the plane. In that way, Wheaton claims, the arms destined illicitly for the contras were loaded in the coffin-size crates without inspection. (The arms, made in the United States, passed from U.S. accountability when they were signed over to the multi-national force.)

Retired Gen. Burton Patrick, former commanding officer of the 101st

and now city manager of Thomson, Ga., told The Sunday Star he hadn't

heard of the boxes until six weeks ago and has no idea what might

have been in them. He said he has asked the U.S. Army about them

since "and the only thing I got was that they were comfort packages

(paper cups, plates and napkins)." Official also have said, at

various times, that the boxes contained airplane parts and medical

records.

If the crates did contain live ammunition, he said, that was strictly

against military regulations that say personnel are not to be flown

an the same plane as "hot cargo." Commenting on reports 40 soldiers'

baggage had to be removed to make space for the boxes, Patrick said:

"It would be unusual procedure to separate a soldier from his

equipment, but I don't know anything about that."

Wheaton said it's puzzling why the U.S. Federal Bureau of

Investigation continues to deny it investigated the Gander crash

when there is evidence it did. Aides to Congressman Tallon are

wondering the same thing.

Wheaton said he has talked to Arrow Air personnel who were questioned

by FBI agents, wanting to now where shrapnel might be found if there

had been an explosion in a certain hold. They also wanted to know if

it would be possible for a stowaway to hide in the hold on a flight

from Cairo to Cologne, West Germany, where the ill-fated plane also

landed en route to Kentucky. Presumably, that was to discount the

possibility of someone carrying a bomb on to the plane.

Yet, when Capitol Hill officials asked the FBI for a copy of the

agency's Gander crash report, 215 pages of a 245-page report were

totally blacked out. "I've handed FBI reports for 30 years," Wheaton

said, "and I know they ran some active investigations on this."

Then there's the story of the three-star U.S. Army general who

arrived in Gander the day after the crash and allegedly wanted

the site bulldozed immediately to avoid "souvenir seekers," though

all the bodies hadn't yet been found and the area was cordoned off

by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

Contacted by The Star, the named general denies that, although,

according to Wheaton, he resigned ten days after the investigator

told the U.S. judge advocate-general about the comment. The general

denies there was an connection in the timing of his resignation.

And then there are said to be those similarities between the Arrow

Air and Pan Am crashes.

Investigator Aviv who, through security contacts, uncovered the

presence of CIA agents on Pan Am's Flight 103, said there also

were seven such agents on the Arrow flight. In the case of Flight

103, it has been reported, a team of U.S. agents flew to the Scottish

crash site in a helicopter and recovered a briefcase from amid the

wreckage. It's not known what it contained.

Gander firefighter Maurice Geeing recalls he and his colleagues

also were briefed to look for a briefcase -which, too, was recovered.

"We want the truth about what brought that plane down," said a

grieving Missy Godsey of Newport News, Va., whose 34-year-old

master-sergeant brother, David, died at Gander. "There are so many

things that do not ring true. The U.S. government wants it dropped

because, I think, they were involved in it.

"There were people from a special operations group on board, the

160th Task Force, and my brother was in that. It's highly secretive

and I know they are trained to get hostages out. He told me that.

There's been a definite Canada-U.S. cover-up because our government's

been so quiet about it."

Wheaton, who claims to have copies of ship manifests and telex

messages showing the United States has been shipping arms to Iran

since 1982, said: "This case cannot be solved unless there is an

inquiry with judicial powers."

Dr. Charles Hutton, Newfoundland's chief forensic pathologist, was

asked about evidence of toxic gases found in the bodies of Gander

victims and for his opinion on whether the findings indicated a bomb

blast or a crash fire.

His comment: "It depends if you are on the defense or the prosecution."

(mof)

Pan Am Bomb Linked to Double-Dealing CIA Drug Plot

by John Picton (from the "The Toronto Star", 11/10/89)

WASHINGTON - An eight-man team of CIA agents was aboard Pan Am

Flight 103 last Dec. 21 after completing a hostage mission in Beirut,

The Sunday Star has learned.

 

According to a Pan Am report, the team had photographed the

secret location in Lebanon where U.S. hostages were being held.

The report, shown exclusively to The Star, was commissioned by

Pan Am after Flight 103 blew up over Lockerbie killing 259 people,

two of them Canadian.

 

The agents became outraged when they discovered another branch of

the CIA was involved in an illegal drugs and arms operation to get

the hostages released. The Beirut team was returning home without

permission -"which is against the rules"- to publicize the CIA

drugs operation.

"They (the team) had communicated back to Langley (CIA's Virginia

headquarters) the facts and names, and reported their film of the

hostage locations. CIA did nothing. No reply.

"The team was outraged, believing that its rescue and their lives

would be endangered by the double-dealing."

One of the leaders of the group was Maj. Charles McKee of the

U.S. Army, assigned temporarily to the CIA. The Sunday Star has

been told he phoned his mother last December to say he would be

home for Christmas. After his death, agents with the U.S. Federal

Bureau of Investigation visited McKee's mother to ask if her son

had left any packages with her. They also said that some of the

belongings in his luggage could not be returned and would be

destroyed in the national interest.

One man figures prominently in the report: 42-year-old Monzer

Al-Kassar, a well-connected Syrian who is married to the sister

of Syria's intelligence chief and is said to have had a long-term

romantic relationship with the niece of Syrian president Hafez Assad.

Al-Kassar holds two Brazilian passports, as well as a Syrian

diplomatic passport, and has a luxury apartment on Avenue Foch in

Paris for some of his romantic liaisons. He is said to share offices

with terrorist Abu Nidal in Libya, one at 2 Stawkis St. in Warsaw,

Poland, and another on Friedrichstrasse in East Berlin under the

cover name Zibado.

Al-Kassar entered the picture when the West German intelligence

agency BKA was tipped off about a drug-smuggling operation centered

on Frankfurt airport (where Pan Am's Flight 103 originated). There,

ordinary suitcases were checked in the normal way and passed

through to the baggage section.

Turkish baggage handlers, recruited at mosques in West Germany,

knew which bags to watch for and substituted them for identical

luggage containing drugs and other contraband. The passenger later

picked up the new bag at his destination. BKA shared this

intelligence with the CIA.

Says the report: "It is now known how this method passed through

arrival customs ... but this route and method worked steadily and

smoothly for a long time."

BKA shared this intelligence with the CIA, which had been aware

for some time that the East Bloc was using Frankfurt airport as

a shipping point (for unspecified "goods") to Moscow. The West

Germans even closed down other drug operations with a series of

raids and stepped-up police presence to channel more shipments

through Pan Am, where they could be observed more easily. The

report suggests the CIA unit involved -which it calls CIA-1-

was not part of the regular agency since it "has a control at

an unknown location in the Washington area."

Then, after a successful French arms-for-hostages deal, "CIA-1

(the CIA unit involved) investigated, then identified Al-Kassar

as a major player in the drug routes, and identified his

background and blood ties (to Syria's intelligence chief),"

the report says. So "(CIA-1) decided to try for the same deal

as the French to get back the American hostages."

Then, in one of a string of bombshells, the report states:

"BKA/CIA-1 approached Al-Kassar and offered to allow him to

continue his drug-smuggling routes, and especially into the

U.S., if he helped arrange release of the American hostages

via his well-placed contacts."

Then: "However, Al-Kassar helped CIA-1 in sending weapons

ostensibly to Iran through his buying connection, supposedly

to further the U.S. hostage release. He also helped in another

CIA-1 enterprise."

And another bombshell: "He offered or agreed to use his other

arms routes to purchase and trans-ship arms to the Nicaraguan

contras," even helping to finance some of the shipments."

Al-Kassar was under surveillance now and was seen meeting

a man at the Restaurant Ajami on Rue Lincoln in Paris.

The man he met was identified as Ahmed Jibril, head of the

Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command.

Jibril was under pressure from several sources to engineer a

terrorist strike against the United States. The sources, as

outlined in he report: the Iranian government, which wanted

revenge for the shooting down of one of its airliners in the

Persian Gulf by the USS Vincennes; Hezbollah, a fundamentalist

Islamic organization; and Libyan leader Muammar Gadhafi, who

for years has been financing terrorist acts. But they wanted a

strike arranged in such a way as to give them cover for

"deniability."

Jibril was the man selected by the various Islamic factions

to make the strike. He had discovered Al-Kassar's safe-conduct

operation through Frankfurt and had decided to use it to plant

a bomb. As his accomplice, he selected a Turkish courier named

Khalid Jafar, who had no record as a terrorist.

Both men met a Libyan bomb maker known as "the Professor" in

Bonn, West Germany, on Dec. 13, 1988. They were joined by a

Syrian explosives expert traveling under the cover name Patel,

who shortly after left for Lisbon.

A man identified as Ali Racep, a Syrian living in Sofia,

Bulgaria, is said to have gathered the bomb components, which

included a barometric timer able to withstand the pressure of

two takeoffs, since Flight 103 was to land in London en route

to New York.

Al-Kassar provided the route by which the bomb was smuggled

into West Germany after the terrorists' own bomb-making enter

at Neuss had been raided by the BKA the previous month.

Al-Kassar's sister-in-law, traveling on a South Yemen diplomatic

passport, flew from Damascus, Syria, to Sofia last Nov. 13,

picked up the bomb components from Racep and flew with them

to Paris. Al-Kassar picked them up, rented a car from a firm

called Cahfic on Nov. 25 and took them to Frankfurt.

And he felt confident crossing the border since he had been

arrested by West German border guards twice before, but had

been released each time after a phone call. Originally; says

the report, Jibril had targeted American Airlines for the bombing.

But Israeli intelligence got wind of that and tipped off the CIA

and BKA.

Security was stepped up on U.S. carriers immediately - except

for Pan Am, where CIA-1's undercover surveillance was continuing.

Al-Kassar had not realized until now that Jibril was planning an

attack at or near Frankfurt. On or about Dec. 1S, three days

before the plane crash, Al-Kassar tipped off BKA through

intermediaries that a bomb was to be put on a Pan Am flight.

CIA-1 told Langley and a warning was sent to various U.S.

embassies - "but not, apparently, to Pan Am."

The report says: "CIA-1 thought that BKA surveillance would

pick up the action and that BKA would stop the act in case the

tip was correct." Ominously, the report says that CIA-1 had now

learned from Al-Kassar - and "had confirmed from its control" -

that McKee's team had discovered the drugs-for-hostages operation

and were investigating Al-Kassar.

Result: "By mid-December, the team became frustrated and angry

and made plans to return to the U.S. with their photos and

evidence to inform the government, and to publicize their findings

if the government covered up. "They did not seek permission to

return which is against the rules."

Although the return was "unannounced," McKee and his colleagues

were spotted by Al-Kassar's agents ("probably Syrian") when they

made their travel plans in Beirut, suggesting their timetable was

known.

Two or three days before the crash, a BKA agent warned his superiors

of a plot to bomb a Pan Am flight. But security still wasn't tightened.

And an agent of Israel's Mossad gave BKA the same tip less than 24

hours before the start of ill-fated Flight 103.

"BKA passed that to CIA-1 and asked for instructions. CIA-1 so

reported to its control. CIA-1 did not reply to BKA."

Within hours of the flight's departure, a black Mercedes parked

at Frankfurt airport. It was approached by a Turkish baggage

handler, who took a brown Samsonite suitcase from the trunk and

carried it into the employee locker area, the usual procedure

with drug shipments. A BKA surveillance agent watching Pan Am's

loading operation on Dec. 21 saw the bag being placed and noted

that it was different from the usual baggage being used for

smuggling. He called his office to say that "something was very

wrong."

The report: "BKA passed that information to CIA-l. It reported

to its control." Control replied: "Don't worry about it, don't

stop it, let it go."

"CIA-1 issued no instructions to BKA. BKA did nothing."

The report says the bomb that brought down the Boeing 747 was

made of the Czech plastic explosive Semtex and weighed about

1.25 pounds (half a kilogram). It was set with a sophisticated

detonator that was controlled by barometric pressure and was

designed to set and reset itself to evade a pressure technique

used in security checks.

Shortly after the crash, a CIA team landed a helicopter at a

farm near Lockerbie where much of the debris had landed. A

suitcase was recovered, apparently with the approval of British

intelligence and Scotland Yard. As for the shadowy CIA-1 group,

the report leaves its status or motivation unclear in the

overall context of the CIA.

However, in March, 1988, BKA ran surveillance on a secret meeting

in Vienna between a French government delegation led by Jean

Charles Marchiani, assistant to French interior minister Charles

Pasqua, and a group of Iranians. That information was passed to

CIA-1, which noted that Al-Kassar and a British dealer then

bought a quantity of arms from two British and one Polish firm

(all named in the report) which were trans-shipped to Iran. A

few days later, French hostages being held in Lebanon were released.

And after that, the CIA-1 operation with Al-Kassar got rolling.

 

NSC 68: United States Objectives and Programs for National Security

"I can deal with Stalin. He is honest--but smart as hell."

Truman Diary Entry, July 17 1945

"Just spent a couple of hours with Stalin. Joe Denis called on Maiski and made the date last night for noon today. Promptly a few minutes before twelve I looked up from the desk and there stood Stalin in the doorway. I got to my feet and advanced to meet him. He put out his hand and smiled. I did the same, we shook, I greeted Molotov and the interpreter and we sat down. After the usual polite remarks we got down to business. I told Stalin that I am no diplomat but usually said yes or no to questions after hearing all the argument. It pleased him. I asked him if he had the agenda for the meeting. He said he had some more questions to present. I told him to fire away. He did and it is dynamite--but I have some dynamite too which I'm not exploding now.

He wants to fire Fianco, to which I wouldn't object and divide up the Italian colonies and other mandates, some no doubt that the British have Then he got on the Chinese situation told us what agreements had been reached and what was in abeyance. Most of the big points are settled. He'll be in the Jap War on August 15th. Fini Japs when that comes about. We had lunch, talked socially, put on a real sham drinking toasts to everyone, then had pictures made in the back yard. I can deal with Stalin. He is honest--but smart as hell."


Tarpley Unbound: Oliver Stone's Untold History of the United States - A Radical Analysis

from Spike EP on Vimeo.

"If your goal in life is to never be tarred and labelled as 'a Conspiracy Theorist'...

Then, what are you doing...?"

Oliver Stone's Untold History of The United States E01 "The Churchill Gang Killed Your Father!" from Spike EP on Vimeo.

Roosevelt was a man of dangerous moral character" - Winston Churchill

"Churchill has been a Fascist for 30 years!" - Elanor Roosevelt, 1943

Communism was the wave of the future, and world socialism was historically inevitable.

This is what EVERYONE thought, felt or believed.

The Nightmare that haunted Winston Churchill's every waking moment was any bilateral FDR/Stalin Dialogue in his absence.

FDR cabled to the Soviet leader on April 5: “It would be one of the great tragedies of history if at the very moment of the victory, now within our grasp, such distrust, such lack of faith should prejudice the entire undertaking after the colossal losses of life, material and treasure involved. Frankly I cannot avoid a feeling of bitter resentment toward your informers, whoever they are, of such vile misrepresentations of my actions or those of my trusted subordinates.” [Abramson, 394]

"In 1939, 937 Jews trying to flee Hitler’s Germany chartered the liner, St. Louis, to take them to Cuba where some had relatives. But learning of this, Hitler successfully pressured the Cuban government into turning them away. The ship’s captain [Gustav Schröder] then polled his charges for instructions, and they voted to proceed to the United States. And as the mighty liner headed in our direction, they wired ahead asking for asylum. And it was on the order of Roosevelt himself, that their request was denied. As the ship continued north hoping for refuge in Canada, Roosevelt’s Treasury Secretary, Henry Morgenthau, Jr.—who was both Jewish and Roosevelt’s neighbor at Hyde Park— and Post Master General, the very Catholic Jim Farley, asked the president to reconsider, and his reply was the essence of the man:

‘What you two don’t understand,’ he said, ‘is that this is a white man’s, protestant country, and you Jews and Catholics live here at our sufferance.’

Variations of this quote appear in both Farley and Morgenthau’s diaries, with Morgenthau adding: “why do I work for this man?” "

NSC 68: United States Objectives and Programs for National Security 

(April 14, 1950) 

A Report to the President
Pursuant to the President's Directive
of January 31, 1950

TOP SECRET

[Washington,] April 7, 1950 

Contents


 

From GRIDS to HIV : AIDS Before Gallo



"...this particular agent was used by 100% of our paitients..."

From BBC Horizon : The Killer in the Village (1983)

Gallo from Spike EP on Vimeo.


"First came God, then came Gallo"
-- Dr. F. Wong-Staal, AIDS researcher

"More than anyone, Robert Gallo is the embodiment of AIDS research in the United States. He was the man who proved that the virus now known as HIV, for human immunodeficiency virus, causes AIDS; he was the man who developed the test that safeguards the world's blood supply against the disease. He holds or shares 79 patents, and his discoveries have generated more than $1 billion in private-sector revenues."

"By 1975 his [Gallo's] lab had finally isolated a retrovirus from human leukemia cells. [HL23V] Gallo... faced humilation when he presented the finding at the Virus-Cancer program's yearly conference. Other scientists had tested his virus and discovered it to be a mixture of contaminating retroviruses from woolly monkeys, gibbon apes, and baboons. Gallo tried to save his reputation, speculating wildly that perhaps one of the monkey viruses caused the human leukemia. This excuse did not fly, and he later described the event as a "disaster" and "painful," admitting that it placed "human retrovirology, and me with it, at a very low point."" (Inventing the AIDS Virus, p.124)

"In 1980 Gallo was finally credited for discovering a genuine human retrovirus, HTLV-I, which he blamed for a leukemia in blacks from the Caribbean. But he ran into trouble trying to find the virus in American leukemia patients. At the same time, a Japanese research team reported isolating a human retrovirus from leukemic patients, which they named ATLV. After they courteously sent Gallo a sample of the virus to compare with his own, Gallo published the genetic sequence of HTLV-I. The sequence of Gallo's Caribbean virus proved to be nearly identical to the Japanese virus; it contained a mistake identical to the one made by the Japanese group. Since all other non-Japanese HTLV-I isolates differed much more widely from the Gallo-Japanese twins, some retrovirologist suggest Gallo may have offered the Japanese sequence as his own. No formal investigation has probed this incident, and Gallo was awarded the prestigious Lasker Prize as the presumed discoverer of the leukemia virus." (Inventing the AIDS Virus, p.160)

"Gallo did not stop with his first human retrovirus. He isolated a second one in 1982, from a cell line derived from a patient... But since that time HTLV-II has been retrieved from only one other patient with a similar leukemia, while plenty of cases have been found without the virus. (p.127)... William Haseltine,... had copied the genetic sequence of HTLV-II, the second known human retrovirus, from a presentation at a science conference. He then published the sequence, unknowingly including a deliberate error planted by the Japanese research team who had actually done the work." (Inventing the AIDS Virus p.164)

In 1984 'Honest Bob' presented the world HTLV-III, which was renamed HIV later, and which became known as 'the AIDS virus'.

'The Godfather' or 'Pope' of AIDS, Dr. Robert C. Gallo, protected by bodyguards at AIDS conference.
"Powerfull placed colleagues have rushed to Gallo's defense... several of these researchers have developed such a close alliance with Gallo that they privately call themselves the "Bob Club." Among its informal members has been Gallo's longtime friend Max Essex,... Harvard retrovirologist William Haseltine,... Dani Bolognesi, a retrovirologist at Duke University (p.225)... Sam Broder, the man in charge of Gallo's laboratory at the National Cancer Institute,... [who also] became known as "Mr. AZT" (p.312),... [and] Howard Temin." (p.402) (Inventing the AIDS Virus)



Federal Inquiry Finds Misconduct By a Discoverer of the AIDS Virus


WASHINGTON, Dec. 30— After three years of investigations, the Federal Office of Research Integrity today found that Dr. Robert C. Gallo, the American co-discoverer of the cause of AIDS, had committed scientific misconduct. The investigators said he had "falsely reported" a critical fact in the scientific paper of 1984 in which he described isolating the virus that causes AIDS. 
The new report said Dr. Gallo had intentionally misled colleagues to gain credit for himself and diminish credit due his French competitors. The report also said that his false statement had "impeded potential AIDS research progress" by diverting scientists from potentially fruitful work with the French researchers. 
Dr. Gallo has faced questions about his scientific claims ever since the paper was published in Science magazine in April 1984. Most of his critics argued that Dr. Gallo had tried to take credit for work that French scientists had done and that he may even have taken the virus the French were studying and claimed it as his own. At the time, the virus was difficult to isolate and grow in sufficient quantity for research. 
Also charged with misconduct was Dr. Mikulas Popovic, a Czechoslovak immigrant who actually carried out the crucial AIDS experiments under Dr. Gallo. Maintains Innocence 
Dr. Gallo said today that he was not guilty and would appeal the decision. "After reviewing everything I and my colleagues have ever published on the discovery of the AIDS virus and the development of the AIDS blood test, the Office of Research Integrity could only take issue with a few trivial mistakes and a single sentence written by me." 
The Federal conclusions are "utterly unwarranted," he said. "On a broader level," he added, "this endless and incompetent Government investigation should be of concern to everyone seeking to advance medical knowledge. My laboratory's contributions to the advancement of medical science are undisputed. For the past three years, however, I have spent a substantial amount of my time responding to issues" raised in the investigations. 
The Office of Research Integrity was created this year in the Department of Health and Human Services to handle the final review of scientific misconduct cases within agencies like the National Institutes of Health, the Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The only remaining step for Dr. Gallo is to appeal the case to a judicial board within the department. Little Credit for French 
The report said Dr. Gallo intentionally misled scientific colleagues by saying he had grown an AIDS virus in his laboratory for study and that he had not grown or studied a similar French strain of the virus. In fact, Dr. Gallo himself had grown the French virus and used it in furthering his own research, the report said. 
While searching for the cause of AIDS, Dr. Gallo had received a sample of a virus being studied by French researchers and had worked extensively with it to extend his own discoveries, the Federal report concluded. Dr. Gallo left little credit for the French scientists in his 1984 paper because he said he had not been able to grow enough of the French AIDS virus: It "has not been transmitted to a permanently growing cell line for true isolation and therefore has been difficult to obtain in quantity," he wrote. 
Dr. Gallo has said that this sentence meant simply that the virus was hard for anyone to grow, not that he himself had failed to grow it. In fact, investigators showed that the French virus had been grown in cell lines in Dr. Gallo's own laboratory, and worked with there. 
Referring to the sentence, the new report said, "Dr. Gallo falsely reported the status of L.A.V. research when he wrote the statement, and this constitutes scientific misconduct." L.A.V. refers to the French strain of the AIDS virus. The report went on, "The explanations that Dr. Gallo proferred for the statement are neither credible when the evidence is considered, nor do they vitiate the impropriety of falsely reporting the status of L.A.V. research. 
In addition, the report found that Dr. Gallo warranted censure on these four other counts: 
*Referring to his role as a referee for a different article submitted to a journal by his French competitors, in which he altered several lines to favor his own hypothesis about the AIDS virus, the report said the revisions were "gratuitous, self-serving and improper." 
*As to the many errors in the 1984 paper, which was co-authored with Dr. Popovic, the report concluded, "In light of his role as senior author, Dr. Gallo must bear substantial responsibility for the numerous discrepancies, including four instances of scientific misconduct attributed to Dr. Popovic." 
*On the standards of Dr. Gallo's laboratory record-keeping, the report said, "Especially in light of the groundbreaking nature of this research and its profound public health implications, O.R.I. believes that the careless and unacceptable keeping of research records reflects irresponsible laboratory management that has permanently impaired the ability to trace the important steps taken." 
*Dr. Gallo, the report said, also failed to determine in a timely way the exact origin of some of the crucial cells in which he grew the finicky virus. Like the viruses themselves, the cells were also found to have been borrowed from another scientist without giving him due credit in the paper. Later, Dr. Galloalso refused to share the cells freely with other scientists trying to duplicate the important work, the report said. Inquiries Begun in 1989 
The dispute over Dr. Gallo's claims became so linked to national scientific prestige that the Presidents of France and the United States attempted to end the conflict in 1987 when they agreed to a 50-50 split of credit and patent royalties from work with the AIDS virus and the blood test to detect it. 
But the issue did not go away, and Federal investigations were begun in 1989, after a reporter, John Crewdson, of The Chicago Tribune wrote a 50,000-word article laying out many of the charges against Dr. Gallo and his laboratory. 
An initial Federal inquiry was conducted by the Office of Scientific Integrity at the Institutes of Health. That office examined all of the notes from Dr. Gallo's laboratory on the AIDS research and interviewed scores of people involved in the work. That office's report was turned over to the Office of Research Integrity. 
Dr. Gallo has denied any wrongdoing in the most vehement terms. He has also alleged that there is a conspiracy to discredit him and has asked why it is only his laboratory being investigated, and not that of Dr. Luc Montagnier, the French laboratory leader who has largely escaped detailed scrutiny. What's at Stake 
In the great public health catastrophe of AIDS, the story of how the virus that causes AIDS was isolated and a test for its presence developed might be of only historical interest were it not for the fierce and unyielding pride of the researchers and the millions of dollars the two Governments receive annually in royalties from the manufacturers of the blood tests. 
In a recent plea to the American Government, lawyers for the Institut Pasteur in Paris, where the French work was done, asked the United States to turn over its half of the profits from the blood test -- about $50 million since 1985. 
Dr. Gallo earns about $100,000 a year from the royalties on the blood test, as does his French counterpart, Dr. Montagnier.
Michael Epstein, a lawyer for the Institut Pasteur, said in a telephone interview today that in light of today's report the French would ask the United States to renegotiate its agreement giving equal credit to each country, so as to assign a larger share to France.
"This ought to move the U.S. Government to action," he said. "Dr. Gallo has always told us that he was never able to grow L.A.V. One of the most important reasons why the Pasteur settled the dispute in 1987 was that Dr. Gallo told us that and said there was no evidence to the contrary. Now even the U.S. Government is saying that he knowingly lied." 
The new report reversed the findings by Dr. Bernadine Healy, director of the National Institutes of Health and Dr. Gallo's superior. After receiving the report from the Office of Scientific Integrity, she concluded in September 1991 that Dr. Gallo did a number of things wrong but was not guilty of the most serious charge, that of scientific misconduct. 
Investigators at National Institutes of Health and in Congress disagreed, as did a panel of independent scientists.
Chronology: "Years of Scientific Dispute" 
1983: French scientists under Luc Montagnier at Pasteur Institute report discovery of a virus that might be the cause of AIDS. 
1984: Ignoring French claim, U.S. scientists at National Institute of Health under Dr. Robert C. Gallo announce discovery of such a virus and proof that it causes AIDS. 
1985: A blood test for antibodies to the AIDS virus is licensed. The French sue the U.S. Government over credit for the discovery of the virus. 
1987: President Ronald Reagan and Prime Minister Jacques Chirac announce an agreement on sharing credit and divide royalties for the blood test. 
1989: A Chicago Tribune article suggests that Dr. Gallo improperly took credit for the Montagnier discovery. 
MARCH 1990: A Tribune report asserts that Dr. Gallo's virus was probably identical to the Pasteur Institute virus. 
OCTOBER 1990: The National Institutes of Health says it will open a full-scale investigation of the matter by the Office of Scientific Integrity because a preliminary investigation suggested the possibility of misconduct. 
MAY 1991: Dr. Gallo formally concedes that the viral cultures were probably contaminated by French samples but maintains that he is a co-discoverer. 
SEPTEMBER 1991: Preliminary report by Office of Scientific Integrity finds evidence of misconduct by Dr. Gallo. Final report holds that he is not guilty of misconduct but deserves censure for permitting lapses and misrepresentations by those under him. 
MARCH 1992: New investigation of charges of perjury and patent fraud announced by Inspector General of Department of Health and Human Services, the General Accounting Office and a House subcommittee. 
DEC. 30, 1992: Report of Office of Research Integrity of Department of Health and Human Services says Dr. Gallo grew Dr. Montagnier's virus in his own laboratory and misled colleagues to gain credit for himself. (pg. A20)